Hồ Chí Minh (Nguyễn Ái Quốc)

Today is May 19. For political reasons, Hồ Chí Minh said that he was born on this day in 1890. His birth name was Nguyễn Sinh Cung, which he later changed to Nguyễn Tất Thành. In 1919, he began to use the pseudonym Nguyễn Ái Quốc. Like a chameleon, he changed political views several times, had different dates of birth and more than 170 names.

Nguyễn Ái Quốc arrived in Hong Kong in 1930 to unify the various communist parties. They named the first union Vietnamese Communist Party, and then changed it to Indochinese Communist Party to include Laos and Cambodia. He was arrested in 1931 by the request of the French government and released by the British in 1933. He went by the name of Nguyễn Ái Quốc from 1919 until 1940 when he called himself Hồ Chí Minh.

The first photo was taken in France in 1921.

The center photo is a mugshot of Nguyễn Ái Quốc (aka Tống Văn Sơ) in 1931 when he was arrested in Hong Kong.

The third photo of Nguyễn Ái Quốc was taken in 1934 in the Soviet Union, where he stayed as a guest for the next couple of years after leaving Hong Kong.

0008-HoChiMinh

Photo credit: unknown

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